Incorporate Basic Math Concepts
Try to incorporate basic math concepts into everyday activities. Have your child count objects regularly and pose easy counting challenges, such as counting the number of steps on a flight of stairs or the number of red cars you see while driving. Take opportunities to count by twos or fives or tens, for example, if you've bought many of the same item at the grocery store or need to count a pile of coins.
Practice Shape Recognition
Practice recognition of different shapes. Have your child spot things that are triangular, like pieces of pizza or the roof of a house, or rectangular, like paper money. As you talk about different shapes, have him describe why a shape he spots is a triangle (three sides) or a square (four equal sides) or a rectangle (two opposite equal sides and two other opposite equal sides of longer length).
Solve Jigsaw Puzzles
Doing puzzles is a great way to develop important visual discrimination skills, or the ability to recognize differences and similarities in shape, form, pattern, size, position, and color.
Apply Math in Everyday Life
It's especially memorable to children when they can use their new math concepts in their everyday life. Have your child arrange his favorite stuffed animals in a circle for a party and give two or three crackers to each toy. Have him add up the total number of crackers distributed. Ask him to predict how many more crackers he would need if one of his toy action figures joined the party. Then ask him to predict the total number of crackers needed with yet another guest. This give him an opportunity to "add up" in his head and then see if he is correct when he actually adds the next figure and counts up the new total. The game can be played in reverse when one of the figures leaves the party, taking his crackers with him.
Play More or Less
Think of a number for your child to guess. After each guess, respond with the words "higher" or "lower." At different times use the words "more" or "less," so he learns different arithmetic vocabulary. This game helps him correlate number words and counting sequence with actual amounts or sizes.
Practice sequencing with your child to develop his ability to recognize and store math procedures and number sequences. Make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich or build a snowman together, then ask him to describe in order the actions that took place. He can also describe the sequence of events that took place in the day, in a movie he saw, or in a story he read.
Develop an Understanding of Units of Time
Use a timer for activities like watching TV or using the computer, so that your child becomes familiar with the concept of time and how long different units of time last. If your child doesn't want to leave the playground, tell him he can stay for 5 more minutes. He'll start to develop an understanding of time and how long different units of time last if you do this regularly.
Learn to Count Money
Give your child a piggy bank and help fill it with spare change. Every month, empty it together and have your child sort the coins by denomination. Have him match the coins to the denominations indicated on coin wrappers, which can be obtained from some banks or purchased inexpensively. This will help your kindergartner with counting, value recognition, and sorting, as well as hand-eye coordination.
Music is a great way for your child to engage with concepts related to math. Practicing an instrument means learning about tempo, measure, and meter - all of which involve math.
Play Family Games with Math
Plenty of family games incorporate math. Tic tac toe, Connect Four, and dominoes are just some of the many games that help build math skills.